Figure 3: Effect of Fux on interleukin (IL)-6, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in HUVECs. (A-E) IL-6, MCP-1, IL-1β, TNF-α, and ICAM-1 were determined using a commercial ELISA kit; (F-H) Fux reduces the levels of IL-6, MCP-1, and VCAM-1 in HUVECs. IL-6, MCP-1, and VCAM-1 mRNA expressions were analyzed by RT-PCR. *P<0.05 denotes significant differences in comparison to the control. #P<0.05 denotes significant differences as compared to OxLDL alone treatment group.